Lower Back Pain


Lower back pain is a prominent cause of disability globally and one of the most frequent reasons individuals see the doctor or miss work. Back discomfort might feel like a muscle shooting, searing, or stabbing pain. Additionally, bending, twisting, lifting, standing, or walking may make the discomfort worse or cause it to spread down your leg. By becoming in better physical shape and mastering good body mechanics, you may be able to avoid back discomfort or stop its recurrence.

There are 24 vertebrae, or spinal bones, in the human spine. The spinal column is made up of vertebrae that are piled on top of one another. The spinal column determines the body’s shape. It is the primary upright support for the body.

A vertebral body, or circular piece of bone, makes up each vertebra. Because the low back is made to endure pressure from body weight and regular activities like lifting, carrying, and twisting, the lumbar vertebral bodies are taller and thicker than the rest of the spine. The larger vertebral bodies also offer support, enabling the strong muscles attached to or close to the lumbar spine to function efficiently.

If you run your fingers along the back of your spine, you will feel a bony protrusion called the spinous process at the base of each vertebra. A bony ring is attached between the spinous process and the vertebral body. Stacking the vertebrae on top of one another

The spine bends three times when viewed from the side, beginning at the top. The lumbar spine has a tiny inward curve, the midback’s thoracic spine curves outward, and the neck’s cervical spine also has a slight inward curvature.

The spinal cord sends out nerve roots on the sides of each vertebra as it descends through the spine from the brain. The nerves that go throughout the body and make up the body’s electrical system are formed when these nerve roots come together. The nerves that travel down to the feet and the pelvis are formed by the nerve roots that emerge from the lumbar spine. The thoracic spine nerves supply the chest and abdomen. The neck, shoulders, arms, and hands are all served by the nerves that exit the cervical spine.

Looking at a spinal segment might sometimes make it simpler to grasp what transpires in the spine. Two vertebrae separated by an intervertebral space make up a spinal segment.

What causes my low back pain?

Acute lower back pain is brought on by sudden tissue injuries, such as a fracture, a strained ligament, a torn muscle, or an inflamed disc. The majority of back pain of this kind will subside in 6–12 weeks or less after the incident. When done correctly, repetitive everyday tasks help to maintain a healthy spine.

What can cause lower back pain in a woman?

There are several possible reasons for lower back pain in women. Some are connected to female-specific illnesses, while others can affect everyone. There are distinct reasons for low back pain in women. These include the following circumstances.

  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
  • Premenstrual dysmorphic disorder (PMDD)
  • Endometriosis
  • Dysmenorrhea
  • Pregnancy
  • Muscle strain (repeated heavy lifting, bending or twisting awkwardly, a sudden awkward movement, overstretching the muscle or ligament)

To maintain a strong, healthy back:


  • Exercises like walking, cycling, and swimming are low-impact activities that don’t strain or jolt your back and can increase strength and endurance in your back.
  • Build flexibility and strength in your muscles. Exercises for your back and abs assist build a stronger core and condition these muscles to cooperate to form a natural corset for your back.
  • Keep a healthy weight. Back muscles are strained by being overweight. Losing weight might help you prevent back discomfort if you are overweight.
  • Give up smoking. Smoking raises the possibility of low back discomfort. Quitting smoking could help lower this risk as it rises with daily cigarette consumption.
  • Avoid twisting or putting tension on your back. Make good use of your body and proper posture.






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